Varicose veins – everything you need to know

Varicose veins result from dysfunction and destruction of the venous walls. This occurs as a result of malfunction of the valves in the veins, leading to a disturbance in the normal blood flow through them.

Proper understanding of varicose veins is the basis of the right choice of treatment. Fortunately, today we have quite a few options to deal with the problem called varicose veins. Another issue is that some of these therapeutic methods are already too outdated, often rejected as a reliable way to eliminate the causes of the disease. However, there are many modern therapies such as the so-called sclerotherapy, which show extremely good results against sore legs, bruises and pain in the legs due to damaged venous walls and blood retention in the veins.

Symptoms of varicose veins syndrome

Varicose veins are both a serious health problem and a cause of low self-esteem. In addition to causing symptoms like pain, itching and edema, varicose veins are also a serious aesthetic problem. Many women refuse to wear short skirts, pants and dresses, and later even go to the beach.

Varicosities look like strongly prominent blue to dark gray veins on the legs and feet, sometimes causing redness and pigmentation of the skin.

In frequent cases, bruises are observed – hematomas – which cause even more pain and a feeling of inferiority, even on slender and beautiful female legs.

Sometimes the veins are also palpable. They look like lumps. This happens in the presence of an inflammatory process – varicophlebitis. As you can guess, in this condition the pain is even stronger and the vision of the legs is even more disturbing.

The so-called spider veins are also possible. They usually occupy a significantly larger area on the affected leg. In the beginning, they don`t cause great discomfort with them. This is why they are a dangerous symptom, as in many cases patients underestimate them as a health problem and deal with it only by covering it with dark tights or long pants.

Causes of varicose veins

Most experts believe that patients with varicose veins are genetically predisposed to the disease. There is a direct link between varicose veins and hemorrhoids. Patients with one disease show symptoms of the other in 75% of cases. Moreover, usually if one of the parents suffers from varicose veins, it is very likely that the children have a similar clinical manifestation.

However, there are factors that trigger this hereditary predisposition to varicose veins. Typically, these are the following risk groups and causes of varicose veins:

  • Menopause
  • Pregnancy
  • Old age (especially women over 50)
  • Work involving either prolonged standing or constant sitting
  • Overweight, putting serious pressure on the entire circulatory system
  • Venous insufficiency
  • Smoking and drug and / or alcohol abuse
  • Hypertension
  • Wearing uncomfortable shoes and clothes, often too tight
  • Sedentary lifestyle

Types of treatment for varicose veins

We will list all types of treatments with the proviso that most of them are not particularly recommended. Some are hardly even practiced in modern medicine. In any case, it is important to trace the history of varicose vein therapy, because to one degree or another it influences the emergence of truly successful treatments, such as the sclerotherapy method.

  • Medication treatment. It includes drugs – venotonics, which affect blood flow and strengthen the venous walls. This type of conservative therapy is recommended in the early stages of the disease, in the absence of severe symptoms. Studies show that products containing diosmin, in various forms, have a beneficial effect on swelling, heaviness and discomfort by strengthening the venous wall and thus improving the quality of life.
  • Local therapy. Various ointments such as gels and creams can be found among the medicines against varicose veins. In fact, they have a certain effect, but it is only in the direction of short-term relief of symptoms. Topical remedies cannot affect the cause of the problem and prevent the progression of varicose veins.
  • Compression therapy. It uses special medical compression stockings, tights or elastic bandages. Elastic compression seriously affects the symptoms of heaviness, swelling, pain and prevents blood supply to the varicose veins. Compression therapy is an important part in the application of sclerotherapy, surgical treatment, minimally invasive procedures for the treatment of chronic venous disease. There are different types of compression products according to the severity of the disease. It is necessary to consult a vascular specialist and perform a Doppler examination to determine the most appropriate type of compression therapy for the patient. Conservative methods of treatment do not lead to a definitive solution to the problem, so surgical and minimally invasive methods are considered.
  • Surgical removal of the affected vein. In the recent past, removal of the affected vein has been the last possible way out to avoid the risk of complications in varicose veins. The method requires a longer recovery period, complications such as infection and bleeding are possible. In practice, this method is still used today in more severe stages of the disease, when minimally invasive methods are not possible.
  • Minimally invasive modern methodssclerotherapy – is the latest method to deal with the problem of varicose veins. Many women find comfort and hope in it that they will deal with painful bruises and bulging blood vessels in their legs. At this stage, it is one of the most effective methods of overcoming varicose veins. It works as follows: a special solution or foam is injected into the defective vein. The aim is to stick the walls together and exclude the vein from the blood circulation, in practice this eliminates its dilation, which has led to pain and an unpleasant appearance of the legs. Sclerotherapy is a recommended procedure because it lasts no more than an hour, with prior preparation included, it is painless and does not require any special recovery. Another effective option is endovenous laser ablation.

The treatment of varicose veins is important not only for your self-esteem, but also for your health. If you do not deal with the problem in time, it is possible to develop serious complications, including thrombosis and even amputation. Choose sclerotherapy for the treatment of varicose veins as the most gentle and effective therapy of all listed and available in modern medicine.

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